Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA’s Water Gap Renewable Energy Desalination: An Emerging Solution to Close MENA’s Water Gap

Many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region are facing real water security challenges. In arid, coastal cities, water demand is often met through large-scale desalination systems powered by fossil fuels. While groundwater and surface water resources are dwindling due to population growth and climate change, more desalination plants will be required to meet the water demand gap.

Man made oasis will transform the desert

An amibitious project to pipe salt water from the Red Sea into the arid coastal city of Aqaba, Jordan, could turn the region into an oasis. A 50-acre demonstration facility, which will combine two technologies — seawater greenhouses and concentrated solar power — to grow crops, produce carbon neutral energy and desalinate seawater, has received approval from the government of Jordan and could be operational by 2012, with full-scale commercial use going online in 2015.