#Rapport #2020 – « Moscow’s War in Syria » – Center for Strategic International Studies


« This report examines Russia’s military and diplomatic campaign in Syria, the largest and most significant Russian out-of-area operation since the end of the Cold War. Russia’s experience in Syria will shape its military thinking, influence promotion and personnel decisions, impact research and development for its arms industry, and expand its influence in the Middle East and beyond for the foreseeable future. Yet despite the importance of Russia’s involvement in Syria—especially as the United States competes with countries such as Russia and China—there has been little systematic analysis of Russia’s campaign in Syria. This research aims to help fill the gap and provides some new analysis and data. It conducts a broad assessment of the Russian campaign—including political objectives, diplomatic initiatives, and civilian targeting—which places the military campaign in a wider context. In addition, it compiles a data set of Russia’s civilian targeting and analyzes satellite imagery of Russian activity.

Overall, this report concludes that Russia was relatively successful in achieving its main near-term political and military objectives in Syria, including preventing the collapse of the Assad regime (an important regional partner) and thwarting a possible U.S. attempt to overthrow Assad. Still, Russia used a systematic punishment campaign that involved attacks against civilian and humanitarian infrastructure in an attempt to deny resources—including food, fuel, and medical aid—to the opposition while simultaneously eroding the will of civilians to support opposition groups. »

Egypt new diplomacy and non aligned movement

Morsi gives solution to Syrian crisis

I wrote yesterday for Asia Times that in Muslim politics such as the event of the summit meeting of the Organization of Islamic Conference that was held in Jeddah last week over the Syrian crisis, it is invariably the case that the sub-texts turn out to be more important than the narrative.

The narrative in the present case is well-known; it is well-propagated by the Western (especially American) media and it inevitably trickles down to Indian discourses, namely, that the OIC summit in Jeddah was going to be all about the Saudi-Iranian ‘cold war’.

Oil & Gas pipelines projects

Oil and gas pipelines projects in Middle East: Iran, Irak, Syria axis to target the European market.

Iran to begin gas exports to Iraq by 2013

Press TV quoted Mr Rostam Qassemi oil minister of Iran as saying that Iran is expected to start exporting natural gas to Iraq by the end next year (to start March 21st 2013) upon the completion of the Iran Iraq gas pipeline project.

In 2011, oil ministers of Iran, Iraq and Syria agreed to construct a pipeline that transfers natural gas from Iran to Europe. Under the deal, natural gas from Iran’s South Pars gas field, Bushehr province, will be pumped through Iran, Iraq and Syria to Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea before reaching Europe.

India, Pakistan, Iran discuss Syria

Iran obviously feels encouraged to contemplate another peace conference in the coming weeks on Syria. Last Thursday’s so-called ‘consultative meeting’ turned out to be a success. The fact that 27 countries attended the conference which was convened at short notice speaks of the sense of disquiet over the attempt to instigate ‘regime change’ in Syria. 

The Beginning of the End in Syria

“In the wake of a recent expose in The Guardian (Charlie Skelton, The Syrian Opposition: Who’s doing the talking), it is now quite clear that events in Syria are not as indigenous as made out by the mainstream Western media. The rebel movement is a phenomenon that was nurtured and provided momentum by organized external forces, including many Western governments that, for many years, led a focused campaign to topple the Syrian regime.”

Iran to Turkey: Syria strike will result in harsh response

Iran warned Turkey that it would respond harshly to any attack on Syria, an Arab diplomat told the Al-Watan newspaper, which is affiliated with President Bashar Assad’s regime.

The complex map of gas reserve with the actual situation perspective

Rising energy tensions in the Aegean: Greece, Turkey, Cyprus, Syria

The discovery in late 2010 of the huge natural gas bonanza off Israel’s Mediterranean shores triggered other neighboring countries to look more closely at their own waters. The results revealed that the entire eastern Mediterranean is swimming in huge untapped oil and gas reserves. That discovery is having enormous political, geopolitical as well as economic consequences. It well may have potential military consequences too.

The Evidence of Jihadist Activity in Syria

As the United Nations prepares to expand its observer mission in Syria and the world community debates what that mission should aim to achieve, there is a parallel conversation taking place in the global jihadist community. Reflecting their position in other Arab Spring revolutions, the jihadists are vociferous in their demands that Bashar al-Assad’s regime be overthrown. In contrast to the situation in other Arab Spring revolutions, in Syria jihadists linked to al-Qa`ida seem to have a militarily relevant capability on the ground. Proof of jihadist capability is elusive, but the combined weight of five indicators suggests that there is an active jihadist element operating on the ground in Syria. Its existence should be acknowledged for policy planning purposes.

India and the Arab League on Saturday held extensive discussions on Syria, but have been unable to chart out a common route that would end the crisis in the strife-torn nation.

The Hindu : News / National : India, Arab League differ on Syria

Islamist rise in Syria challenge to Jordan

An eventual fall of Syria’s regime, followed by the rise of an Islamist government could create a quandary for Jordan, a small country that has strategic ties with its northern neighbour, analysts say.

At the same time, even if Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s regime survives pro-democracy protests against his 11-year rule, relations between Amman and Damascus are unlikely to improve, at least in the short term.

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