By Raphael Bossong, Leslie Holmes

« Terrorism and organised crime are considered major security threats in both the EU and Asia-Pacific. Despite the military defeat of ISIS, European and Asia-Pacific countries remain concerned about the spread of Foreign Terrorist Fighters and the further evolution of religious extremism. Both regions worry about a growing crime-terror nexus, while the steady rise of de-territorialised cybercrime has accentuated the long-standing concern with organised crime. Yet there are significant differences between the EU and most Asia-Pacific states in terms of addressing terrorism and organised crime due to significant cultural divergences over human rights, democracy and sovereignty. Moreover, four Asia-Pacific states (Australia, Japan, Singapore and South Korea) often have more in common with EU member states than with their neighbours—while the EU–China relationship is particularly complex. This chapter explores the potential for, and obstacles to, closer security cooperation. »

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