Turkmenistan’s natural gas reserves are the fourth largest in the world according to energy giant BP, behind Russia, Iran and Qatar. The reclusive Central Asian nation is far from alone, however, in hoping to capitalize on this fact. Numerous outsiders including, but not limited to Russia, India, Pakistan, Turkey, China, the US all hold interests in the nation’s vast hydrocarbon stores. Some seek direct access to the reserves for energy purposes, while others’ interests are more subtle and strategic. We’re going to try to break down these competing interests into country-specific narratives to flesh out the importance and complexity of the game developing in and around Turkmenistan.